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Informations - Zoological Environment
  1. The Capture
    1. Many dolphins have been killed or seriously injured during this violent procedure. 50% have died in some captures.
    2. Mothers have been taken from their babies in some captures and seriously injured or killed in others, creating a clear and present danger and for its baby.
    3. Capture may remove key individuals from the dolphin society threatening its integrity and survival.
    4. Capture causes sever mental and physical stress on dolphins.
    5. Dolphins are transported to holding facilities by boat, truck, and planes. This is very terrifying since none of this is part of its reality.
    6. Transport is also quite painful as they loose body heat around their flippers, dorsal fins, and tail, and experience the effects of gravity for the first time.
  2. Enclosures
    1. Tanks or pools are made of concrete or steel, which are static and impoverished in comparison to the sea.
    2. Federal law requires holding tanks to be 24 ft. X 24 ft., and six ft, deep or half the body length of the dolphin which ever is greater. Tanks can be smaller if rectangular.
    3. Tanks are filled with artificial sea-water treated with chlorine, ozone or both.
    4. Tanks are stocked with captured dolphin, rehabilitated stranded dolphins or captive born dolphins.
  3. Captive Environment
    1. Dolphins are forced to swim in endless circles until they die.
    2. Everything about captivity is unnatural for dolphins: water, food enclosures, sounds, use of sonar, social structure, behavior even causes of deaths.
    3. Dolphins in captivity are forced to live in worlds governed by fear dominance and aggression, like our federal penitentiaries.
    4. Government records show only 53% of captured adult dolphins survive the first 90 days in captivity. Survivors live on average an additional 6 years.
    5. Half of captive dolphins in North America die every seven years.
    6. As of Jan. 1999, the average stay of a dolphin in captivity according to government records (1972 -1999) is approx. 7 yr.
  4. Captive Born
    1. A high percentage of captive born dolphins are stillbirths or premature.
    2. Captive born dolphins rarely lives to reach puberty.
    3. Dolphins born in captivity are often taken from their mothers. They sometimes kill their own babies. This is maladapted behavior.
  5. Training
    1. Dolphins are trained by food deprivation and then using food as a reward for obeying the commands of the trainer.
  6. Husbandry
    1. Captive dolphins are routinely given Maalox and Tagamet to treat gastric bleeding ulcers brought on by stress.
    2. Captive dolphins are given anti-depressants to help cope with the extreme mental and physical stress of captivity.
    3. Because dolphins are forced to survive in crowded enclosed areas in their own waste, they are vaccinated against many diseases.
    4. Dolphins are often treated for serious skin problems and severe eye irritation from chemicals added to the artificial sea-water.
    5. To prevent obesity, captive dolphins are fed only 20lbs of fish per day. Since they are less active they don't require as much.
  7. Causes of Deaths
    1. Captive dolphins have died from the following: Accidental drowning, suffocation, vaccine rejection, fracture skulls, multiple organ failure, chlorine poisoning, heart ruptures, aggression, ingestion of foreign objects, pneumonia and possible suicides.

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